In early 2020, the U.S. Congress approved the USMCA with large bipartisan majorities in both chambers, and the agreement came into effect on July 1. Nevertheless, some critics have complained that the new rules of origin and minimum wage requirements are cumbersome and boil down to state-run exchanges. Alden of CFR was blood pressure and said that the government could recognize the restoration of cross-party cooperation in U.S. trade policy. But he warns: « If this new mix of Trump nationalism and democratic progressivism is what it takes now to conclude trade agreements with the United States, there could be very few buyers. » Many critics of NAFTA saw the agreement as a radical experiment developed by influential multinationals who wanted to increase their profits at the expense of ordinary citizens of the countries concerned. Opposition groups argued that the horizontal rules imposed by nafta could undermine local governments by preventing them from enacting laws or regulations to protect the public interest. Critics also argued that the treaty would lead to a significant deterioration in environmental and health standards, promote privatization and deregulation of essential public services, and supplant family farmers in the signatory countries. Since NAFTA was adopted, U.S.
trade interests have often expressed very satisfaction with the agreement. Trade has grown strongly between the three NAFTA nations, but this increase in trade activity has led to growing trade deficits for both the United States with Canada and Mexico-;d the United States imports more from Mexico and Canada than it exports to these trading partners. Critics of the agreement argue that NAFTA is at least partly responsible for these trade deficits and the striking job losses in U.S. manufacturing over the past decade. But before NAFTA, manufacturing jobs were starting to shrink. The NAFTA debate continues. As a result of NAFTA, Canada recorded a more modest increase in trade with the United States than Mexico, with 63.5% adjusted for inflation (trade between Canada and Mexico remains negligible).