Over the past four years, a great deal of time has been spent discussing the withdrawal agreement, but little has been spent on what to follow. The political declaration attached to the October 2019 withdrawal agreement set out an agreed but non-binding framework for future UK-EU relations and in February 2020 the UK government published its approach to the negotiations.  It was only with the UK`s draft text on the free trade agreement, published on 19 May 2020, that the fog began to fly.  What measures does the free trade agreement contain in the area of customs facilitation and trade by streamlining customs rules through procedures such as prior authorization of documents and simplification and transparency of red tape? Does the Free Trade Agreement have specific provisions to facilitate roll-on-off traffic, given the importance of the short strait between the northern EU Member States and the UK? In a statement from the British Government, the promising convergence on certain trade and related issues was referred to. However, he said there would be no progress on fair competition and governance until the EU insisted on imposing conditions on the UK that were not included in other EU trade agreements and « did not take into account the fact that we left the EU as an independent state. » The deal must follow on from the Brexit withdrawal agreement (but not related to it) signed at the end of the Brexit negotiations.  The UK and the EU have published their draft working texts for a trade agreement that will replace existing AGREEMENTs between the UK and the EU and is due to expire on 31 December 2020. The EU Exit Team and the NFU`s International Trade Team provided detailed information on the proposals of both parties. To learn more about the British text and the EU text, click here. Trade negotiations began on 31 March 2020 and are expected to be completed by the end of October 2020, after which the draft treaty will have to be ratified by both sides to enter into force on 1 January 2021. A draft agreement was not reached until the end of October and negotiations continued until November, as important issues were not resolved.  On the other hand, the UK text implies real agreements (not just a framework for discussing these agreements) that include an exhaustive list of products in circulation in the internal market.
The application is listed in Appendix 5-A The Mutual Acceptance of the Results of Conformity Assessment of the UK draft. Article 12 sets out the procedures for recognising the bodies that assess compliance (i.e. certify compliance) and follows Article 15 of the EU`s internal market transition, which begins: on 18 March, the European Commission published a draft treaty covering all aspects of the EU`s future future relations with the UK (see below). The United Kingdom has also submitted texts covering some of its proposed agreements, including a free trade agreement. These have not been published and the government has asked the European Commission not to share these texts with the Member States. The second part of the draft treaty concerns the economy and trade. Title III establishes provisions on equal competition (LPF) and sustainability. The EU is working to meet legally binding commitments to meet high standards of state aid, competition, taxation, labour standards, environmental protection, climate change and sustainability.