Sudan Peace Agreement

The leader of one of the factions that signed the joint peace agreement, Arko Minawi, stressed that it was a step in the right direction. On 25 March, Sudanese Defence Minister Gamal al-Din Omar died of a heart attack in Juba after peace talks with rebel groups. Peace talks following al-Din Omar`s death resumed on 2 April. South Sudanese Ombudsman Dams Dhieu Mathok said the « participation of refugees, displaced persons and civil society leaders » was being negotiated and was a critical part of the Darfur peace process. [9] While talks were underway in Darfur, the SLM (Minnawi) and jeM withdrew from the SRF in mid-May 2020, while continuing their alliance and giving the same name to their new alliance (Sudan Revolutionary Front). Since June 2020, MLS (al-Nur) has continued to boycott peace talks until national authorities ensure Darfur`s security. [25] Two negotiating areas with SPLM-N (al-Hilu) had advanced until 21 January on six framework agreements after a two-week break,[33] but subsequent differences over the SPLM-N (al-Hilu) request for a secular state in southern Kordofan and the Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile self-determination. [31] Kiir also thanked the international community for its « support and encouragement » in mediating the agreement and stressed that « our work will not be done and we will not relax until we achieve our aspirations for a peaceful region. » He warned the outside world that Sudan « needs its help and help. » Burhan said it was a great day for the fate of the Sudanese people, because after many years of war, the nation achieved the goal of a revolution – peace – to end the bloodshed and give people a decent standard of living. The guarantors of the agreement of Chad, Qatar, Egypt, the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations also welcomed the agreement.

On Saturday, October 3, 2020, in Juba, the capital of South Sudan, the peace agreement between the Sudanese government and a series of armed movements was signed to resolve decades of conflict in Darfur, South Kordofan and South Blue Nile, resulting in the displacement of millions of people and the deaths of hundreds of thousands of sponsors. , in particular the United Arab Emirates. In a statement upon his arrival, Hamdok said that « peace will open a wide horizon for development, progress and prosperity. » On 12 November, Mr. Ahlam Nasir, on behalf of the women of Sudanese political and political groups (MANSAM), met with Mohammed al-Ta`ishi, a member of the Sovereignty Council, and argued that women should be involved in peace negotiations. Nasir presented concrete proposals for women`s participation in the negotiations and MANSAM`s priorities in the peace process. [10] According to Neville Melvin Gertze of Namibia, speaking at a UN Security Council meeting in October 2019, peace agreements that are the result of negotiations, including women, are 35% more likely to last at least 15 years than those that are the result of negotiations solely for men. [41] The peace process faces various challenges and pitfalls that we can overcome through concerted efforts and joint action. A peace agreement was signed between the SRF, SPLM-N under the leadership of Malik Agar and the MLS under Minni Minnawi and the Sudanese government,[38] missing both al Nur and al-Hilu. [39] However, the agreement contained conditions for the rebels to integrate into the security forces and to grant them political representation, economic and land rights, in addition to a 10-year plan to invest $750 million in the development of the southern and western regions and to ensure the return of displaced persons. [40] At least 48 people were killed and many others injured in Darfur.